Selected Publications: The Book on the Piano - Zeitklang

The book on the piano. Published by At the moment available only in German language. An overview:

1. Historical Information
Dealing with historical instruments: From Cristofori to Broadwood and Streicher. How to treat them and how to gather insights and experiences on a period instrument. What can be transferred to the modern one?

Historical instrument or over-priced trash? Not every old piano is a valuable period instrument. And if there are apparently valuable instruments how to find out where the traps are. Beginning with the question: Original, restored or rehistorized?

Musical temperament: News from the past from old temperaments, their musical effects and the character of the keys.

2. Interpretation
The cross to bear: ornaments and tempi. About 90% of the performers are not sure how to deal with embellishments in baroque and classical music. Or they don’t care and wake up in a competition being kicked out in the first round because of wrong style and tempo.

Age-old stumbling blocks: How to perform baroque and classical music on a modern piano. Dos and don’ts.

Always in a hurry….. the problem of tempo in baroque and classical. Does Allegro mean fast? Before 1825 not really, it was a description for a mood: Happy. Not necessarily fast. In the 1700s a horse was fast or a runner. While riding you could see each leaf on a tree and flowers. Today we speed on the highway, making phone calls but we see only green. And: the modern piano allows to play really fast. But the composer’s composed under the diction of their fortepianos and had a complete different idea of speed and sound.

Agogic: To move or not to move the tempo. And if so -  why when or where to move?

Interpretation: How to deal with only five notes and make them interesting and nice. From here interpretation starts.
3. Performing and playing technique
Practicing–thinking strategically. How to be quick an efficient…. Nearly no professional player can effort to practice 8 hours per day except perhaps in holidays. I believe that students learn best when they are exposed to different ways of understanding the material: reading, practicing, and hands-on experience. Students, on the other hand, often focus on the single issue of how many hours they spend practicing. Unknowingly, they may practice 8 hours to obtain results they could have achieved in 2 hours. 

It is important for students to develop sensible practice strategies. In the absence of good strategies, their efforts may be counter productive. For example, a student may spend a lot of time repeatedly playing a long passage at a fast tempo without expression, thinking that he is improving his technique. I call it fingergym. The student does it every day, not aware that his brain is saving information from the experience, regardless as to whether it is valuable or wrong information. The result is that the learning process takes too long and is not reliable under the stress of public performance. This chapter offer solution with conscious practicing, using the right memory slots and lear peaks.

Problems of posture and hand-position. Common problems and how to solve them

Friendly takeovers   (which hand plays what, what is allowed, what works?) Composers write correct as composers - voicing, counterpoint etc. As they write for professional players they know the pro will find the best pianistic solution. Where what to takeover? Does it musically work?

On scales and arpeggios. The most common patterns in classical and romantic piano music. How to avoid common problems and companies the different size and key dips on the modern piano compared to the period piano.

On thirds and doublings


Since 1785 we've been using the pedal! But how and where to use it properly? Are original pedal signs helpful? How to fade the sound with the pedal and a bunch of useful hints

The ongoing struggle against forgetfulness. How to make the memory reliable and safe. This chapter offers learning techniques.

To memorize or not to memorize? To play by heart or not? Pros and contras.
4. Technical issues regarding pianos
Sitting well. The ideal playing position is mandatory for a relaxed playing. There is not the one and only position but the personal one.

Tips on buying a piano. As teachers and pianists we are often consultants for students or institutions when a new instrument is needed. Play and enjoy the piano is not enough. Where are the traps and what are the criteria for a good instrument?

Digital or hybrid? The differences between digital pianos and hybrid pianos and how to evaluate

First-aid for your piano. A hammer is stuck. A string is cracked. A key is blocked, there is a nasty noise coming out of the soundboard. It happens always shortly before a concert. What you can do, what are you allowed to and what you should avoid. 

The feel of the keys     (in the sense of ivory, plastic, acrylic, ebony....... etc…) There is a bunch of different key surfaces. Plastic, acrylic, ebony, ivory, mammoth, bone and wood. What is the tactile difference and the influence on our performance.

5. Teaching
Independent teaching. Your own studio is a great thing to have. What do you have to respect before opening and where are the traps?
(Thanks Shana Kirk)

Accompanying and guiding. How to deal with singers and instrumentalists. Their psychology and how to guide and help them.

What about the money? We all have to deal with money issues, taxes and contracts. Some useful hints...

Dealing with the cute little ones… How to work with kids. Are they little adults? Or do the parents need help?

"I'm don't want to play anymore!“ The classical sentence. A teenager wants to quit piano lessons because horse riding or soccer is more fun. How to deal with that common problem.

Working with adults in piano lessons. After a lifetime being a decision maker, it it not easy for an adult enthusiast to take again the position of a pupil. And: they have fear. How to encounter the adult students world.

6. Performance
The big performance. Dos and don’t s on stage and in exams.

And there was light….. Shadows on the keyboard are a major problem and risky. Lights in your eyes too… Enlightening solutions...

The somewhat different performance. A cruise ship is a lovely place to be and performances on board can be real fun -  or a nightmare. What is essential in the little cosmos of a cruise ship

The some different open-air performance. Open air concerts in the summer heat have their issues. From mosquitos to the miking of the piano.

The agony of choices. Programming for concerts and exams. How to make the right choice and what are the criteria.

The competition pianist. Piano competitions became a kind of tourist industry. About 100 competitions are considered „important“ world wide. All first three prize categories can call themselves winners and want to perform 70 gigs per year minimum. Next year the next contestants are upcoming… Is winning a competition still an option for a career?

Piano and orchestra / A game of cat and mouse, or, who is going to win? Sometimes you get gigs as soloist with an orchestra. This is a great opportunity but will not happen very often. Pianists who burn themselves  in a piano concerto will have short careers. Where are the moguls?

7. Other areas
Creative windows. They are not open very long. At night, in the early morning, on the highway or in the bathroom. Great ideas and solutions but how to grab and fix them?

May I have a little more? How to get started in Jazz and Rock Piano

Recognizing sound quality. What happens after the hammer hit the key? Here is where the music begins…
On the difference between consumer- listening and technical-listening. There are a lot of different options how to hear. As a consumer or as a pro. Enjoy just music or analyze the sounds. Where is the switch?

Sometimes you're your own manager / promoter / concert organizer

Why we have contracts. Musicians do not like to read endless contracts. But they should…. Contracts are to be found for studios and for performances. What should you put in and what you don’t need?

GEMA / GVL   (This is perhaps parallel to ASCAP and ???, perhaps only in Germany?) GEMA corresponds to ASCAP, GvL is for performers. How to deal with the institutions and what they really do.

Eat this! People who are in professional sports keno it very well: Their nutrition decides about their results. Musicians don’t care. You can influence a big deal on your performance with the right nutrition and prevent from deseaster.

We are rolling, Recording! – Common techniques and when you might need them. How to behave in a recording studio and the basics of technology you should be familiar with.

A journey into pop and rock

How much computer power does a pianist need? Do pianists need a computer? They need. From hard disk recording to Long Distance Lesson.

Shooting your own videos. Technical basics of video recording. 

Ratko Delorko verfügt über 50 Jahre Bühnen- und Studioerfahrung als Komponist, Pianist, Hochschullehrer, Autor und Produzent. Er gilt als Experte für historische Tasteninstrumente, historisch informiertes Spiel und Online Distanzunterricht. Im diesem Buch finden Sie Lösungen zu den Problemstellungen des digitalen Unterrichts, sowie die nötigen technischen Voraussetzungen. 


ISBN: 978-3-754167-82-3 Hardcover 32,—


ISBN: 978-3-754902-14-1  Softcover 19,99


ISBN E-Book: 978-3-347-45476-7 € 9,99


Ratko Delorko has over 50 years of stage and studio experience as a composer, pianist, university teacher, author and producer. He is considered an expert in historical keyboard instruments, historically informed playing and online distance learning. In this book you will find solutions to the problems of digital teaching, as well as the necessary technical requirements